Square of the Màquina de Batre Shed in Sant Fruitós de Bages
A new multifunctional public space configured by landscaped terraces that complement the large roof and commemorate the agricultural past of the city.
The uban planning orders two urban voids of different character: the space around the emblematic Covering of the Threshing Machine, in a central position of the town and used as a central square to host popular acts; and the urban void on the outskirts, next to the ring road of avenida Jaume I
Despite the industrialization that, like the whole bank of the Llobregat, took place during the second half of the 19th century, Sant Fruitós maintained an important agricultural activity. The power of agriculture in the local economy can be seen in one of the most representative elements of the village, the Shed that, in the early 1950s, built the Municipal Agrarian Chamber to protect the threshing machine, located at that time outside the town center.
During the following decades, the strengthening of the industrialization of the region and its importance as a communications hub led to significant population growth. This growth took the form of several extensions in the form of an extension on both sides of the axis formed by the Vic road, which ended up surrounding the area of the Shed of the Màquina de Batre. The Eixample plot on which the growth in this sector took place, however, did not foresee the reservation of a decent space for the Shed, and the free space that remained around it was the result of chance. This space, however, has a quality that does not correspond to the significance that the Shed has for the neighboors. Despite the shortcomings in the configuration of the public space and its urbanization, the space surrounding the Shed (known as plaça Onze de Setembre) is used for the organization of events and, with some improvements, it could serve as the central public space of a town that, due to its historical growth, has not had a main square that served as the central meeting point of the municipality.
On the other hand, Avinguda de Jaume I was opened in the south of the town in the nineties and to the south of this road a small development that was starting to get populated with small single-family and multi-family housing buildings, next to the existing Raval, had been made. The general planning filled the gap between the avenue and the center of town (end of Nou and Montserrat streets) with urban land arranged according to a plot similar to the one located south of the avenue and with single-family housing, but this arrangement was never executed.
The proposal orders these two empty spaces of a different nature. In the sub-area of Plaça Onze de Setembre, the generation of a public space is proposed where the Cobert is the main character, concentrating the private land, with a ground floor building +3 on the corner between Eugeni d’Ors and Arquitecte Gaudí and allowing the expansion of the square, which will have a more direct relationship with the surrounding urban lands. The public space is organized with stands around the space occupied by the Cobert, which combine soft and hard spaces, while on the corner between Eugeni d’Ors and Arquitecte Gaudí streets space is reserved for a large esplanade that functions as a venue for events and expansion of the space reserved for the market.
In the sub-area of Avinguda Jaume I, the reorganization of the planned urban fabric is proposed, so that the new free space becomes the organizing element of the development, connecting the free spaces next to the river with the existing square. Nouna, where it connects with the route of the old Way of Viladordis, whose trace is recognized in the new arrangement. This green area is flanked by new buildings of contained heights and similar to those of the neighboring urban fabric, and connects with the streets of the perimeter through the empty spaces between buildings.