SALÓ CENTRAL, SANT BOI DE LLOBREGAT
The Saló Central area is located at the junction of two axes that have significant importance for the city of Sant Boi de Llobregat: Santa Creu de Calafell Road (C-245) and Josep Mariages Avenue. These two axes have different characteristics. The C-245 road is one of the most important interurban roads in the region. It has a heavily industrial character while, at the same time, it has been experiencing very significant transformations towards a more urban, green, residential and pedestrian area. On the other hand, Josep Mariages Avenue will soon become an important connection for north-south pedestrian traffic.
In this framework, the proposal responds to several constraints. The project contributes to transforming the C-245 road into a more urban and pedestrian zone by ensuring the continuity of the bicycle and pedestrian paths and by creating a new green zone that buffers the current noise from heavy traffic conditions.
The new urban development should relate these two abovementioned axes by providing continuity to Baldiri Net Street, serving the new planned buildings, and taking into account the considerable slope between them and the C-245 road. These problems are solved by means of a geometrical system composed of irregular polygonal shapes. This system also confers the project with unity and homogeneity. The mentioned geometrical system allows a varied gardening system, where each polygon adopts a unique and differentiated character according to the needs. Small squares are generated to give the site a local domestic scale despite its vastness. There is also space for playground installations, installations for elderly people and, of course, small botanical gardens containing autochthonous species with low water consumption. Trees compliment these arrangements and are laid out linearly, which generates continuous shade areas that shelter the visitors throughout the site.
In addition, the proposal recognizes the important junction of these two axes where the park becomes a functional core. This new area is emphasized by the creation of an urban landmark: pergolas. When the polygonal pattern approaches the junction of the two axes, it detaches itself from the ground in the form of a pergola, maintaining the same formal language and material (steel). These pergolas generate a central plaza, not in the form of a great continuous space, but by fragmenting it into a series of well-located, shaded and multi-purpose subspaces of different sizes. These areas can host several temporary events such as concerts, fairs, open air markets, and shows for children, etc. Moreover, the site is very visible and well-situated for the city’s pedestrian flows. The new pergolas will be the site for the well-known Sant Boi Fair, which takes place from December the 6th to the 8th.
The structure of the pergola is composed of continuous metal ribs that fold to generate different shapes and spaces in the plaza. The cover of this structure is a continuous plane made of steel sheets with large perforations. In accordance with this plan, the twists and folds of the rib structure take on an origami-like character to provide large and comfortable shaded areas.
AUTHORS ENRIC BATLLE, JOAN ROIG – ARCHITECTS
TEAM IVÁN SÁNCHEZ, MARIO SUÑER, XAVIER RAMONEDA, ENRIQUE VALIENTE – ARCHITECTS / DOLORS FEU – AGRICULTURAL ENGINEER & LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
COLLABORATORS SUMMA – MEP ENGINEERING / STATIC, GERARDO RODRÍGUEZ – STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING
SURFACE AREA 2,9 Ha
LOCATION SANT BOI DE LLOBREGAT, BARCELONA (map)
START AND FINISH DATE 2009-2012
PHOTOGRAPHY JORDI SURROCA